Category: Reviews of the Literature

Due to the often unique structural and biochemical properties of seaweed, their utilisation by humans has occured for centuries. In modern times, the seaweed industry provides a wide range of products that are estimated to have a total annual value of US$5.5-6 billion, with food products for human consumption contributing to about US$ 5 billion of this […]

Whaling, the act of humans hunting whales (cetaceans) for their meat, bones and blubber,  has been occurring across the globe for millennia. A once legitimate source of income and nutrition, whaling has now been outlawed in most countries worldwide due to numerous species being hunted to the brink of extinction. It’s still undertaken both legally and […]

A brief overview of salmon aquaculture The aquaculture of fish has a long history as a major source of food for humans, and has been practiced worldwide for centuries. Its origins are thought to be in Asia, with China being regarded as the ‘ancestral home of aquaculture’. While aquaculture in general, is still dominated by […]

Phenotypic plasticity refers to the ability of an organism to change its phenotype in response to changes in the environment and it is integral in influencing an organism’s survivability when confronted with habitat variation. Phenotypic plasticity encompasses all types of environmentally induced changes (e.g. morphological, physiological, behavioural, phenological) that may or may not be permanent […]

April 20th 2015 marks the 5 year anniversary of the Deepwater Horizon oil rig explosion that lead to what is considered the world’s largest accidental oil spill since the petroleum industry began.  An explosion and subsequent fire onboard the Deepwater Horizon (DWH) oil rig resulted in a sea-floor oil gusher flowing for 87 days straight, discharging an estimated total of 4.9 […]

The ocean contains a vast and significantly unexplored diversity of life and therefore represents a vast untapped resource that has the potential to be utilised in a variety of fields. Marine biotechnology is defined as the application of scientific and engineering principles to the processing of materials obtained from marine biological agents, to provide goods and […]